HPV ie Human Papilloma Virus. It is generally considered a disease of women, as the virus increases the risk of cervical cancer. However, this virus is also causing health problems in men. HPV is not cancer, but its infection can cause cancer. In men, it can cause anal cancer, genital cancer and oral cancer. According to the research paper ‘Genital Human Papillomavirus Infection in Indian Seropositive Men …’ on the website of the US National Center for Biotechnology (NCBI), the number of penile cancer patients due to HPV virus infection in American men is quite high.
Penile cancer accounts for 6% of all cancers in men. How common this disease is becoming in men can be gauged from the Netherlands, where the government has decided that now vaccines of HPV vaccine will be applied to boys also. Till now the vaccine was administered only to girls under the government health program. There is also a great lack of awareness about this disease. According to a University of Texas report, 70 percent of adults in the US alone are unaware of the disease. According to a long-term mega-study on 60 million people in 14 high-income countries published recently in the Health Journal Lancet, HPV infection and cervical lesions have decreased 83% in girls and women after HPV vaccination. There has also been an increased awareness of HPV in America. Major programs have been designed to deliver HPV vaccines in Delhi and Punjab. Research published in The Lancet has found that the HPV vaccine is also effective for men and boys.
Symptoms of HPV infection in men
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the disease is so common that sexually active people do it once in a lifetime. This disease does not indicate any. Yes, some patients show symptoms in the form of lumps or warts above the penis, testicles, anus, waist, thigh, tongue or mouth. Usually, there is no pain in them, so it is not even known. Many times even doctors are unable to find out because these changes are very slow. Men who have HIV also have a higher risk of getting this cancer.
Tests to check HPV infection in men
Abstinence is the only sure way to stop HPV transmission. The risk of transmission can be reduced if a person has sex with only one person who is not infected. To reduce the risk of HPV transmission, men may limit the number of sex partners and choose partners who may not have relationships with more people. If a partner has HPV, it does not mean that they have recently formed a relationship with someone else. The virus can remain dormant in the body for years without causing noticeable symptoms. Condoms may provide some protection in preventing HPV transmission. Unfortunately, they are not 100% effective, as HPV is primarily spread by skin-to-skin contact.